The word corruption is derived from the Latin word ‘corruptio’ which means ‘decay’ or ‘to degenerate’. According to oxford English dictionary, corruption simply means dishonest or wicked behaviour, allegations of widespread corruption in high places, cases of bribery and corruption. It is also the act of corrupting or the process of being corrupted.
The system in higher institution has decayed and degenerated in its values. Indeed other systems too get corrupted just because the process of their education has been corrupted. For instance, people who went to the university back in the earlier, may be in the colonial days seem to be more efficient in practice, just because there were less corruption in the education sector then. But now, the university produces quacks and unqualified practitioners due to the bribery and corruption and negligence in the school system.
The educational system is in a mess now due to the collective contribution of students, lecturers, and administrators and students to circumvent the laid down rule of doing things. In the process of this circumvention, they become lazy, unwilling to learn and the lecturers in turn collect money from them in form of sorting for them to pass
Corruption has filtered into every sphere of Nigerian society starting from the family, schools, church, work places and politics, the Nigeria tertiary institution is not left out.
We will be looking at some of these corrupt practices and unwholesome deeds in the educational system in Nigeria as it have the following faces.
Unqualified admission: This is one of the areas in the educational system in Nigeria where bribe is being given to the administrators in order to give admission to the wholly unqualified and unmerited students. Students that do not reach the cut off marks of the courses they need are being paid for by their parents to be given such courses.
Unqualified lecturers: This is another challenge facing the educational system in Nigeria where lecturers are being employed through tribalism, nepotism, and connections. Lecturers with no teaching skills and also poorly performed graduates are being employed through bribery.
Course sorting: This has jeopardized the educational system by producing quack graduates with no practical idea or even theoretical idea of what they studied. Students pay some amount of money to the lecturers in order to be awarded grades that they did not merit. In some tertiary institutions lecturers demand sex from their female students in order to award grades to them. The student will in turn, feel relaxed during lectures, while away his supposed studious time, attending parties and flexing with the hope of sorting courses and passing at the end. Such student might even graduate with first class and when he/she goes into the field to practice will end up being less productive to the country and also demand sorting from the students.
Corruption in Nigeria educational system has produced unqualified graduates who cannot be practitioners in their field of study because they are unqualified, for instance a medical doctor who went through a corrupt system of training will end up terminating patient’s life due to incompetency.
Certificates are becoming worthless, in the society today; we can see that the academic certificate has become worthless, because most of our graduates today cannot be practitioners in their field of study.
Practical aspects of education in the tertiary institutions have come to the lowest minimum or zero percent. This is also another face that needs to be addressed in the educational system in Nigeria where students are only taught the theoretical aspects of their courses, leaving the practical aspect of the course untouched.
There are possible means to curbing corruption in the educational system in Nigeria.
Punishment for any student or lecturer caught involving in sorting: This should be one of the means to curb sorting in tertiary institutions in the sense that they should be an academic review of the examination script by the student affairs department, and also they should be probed and suspension dished out accordingly to the culprits.
Another means to reduce corruption in educational system in Nigeria in terms of unqualified lecturers is that they should be annual review of the lecturer’s credentials by (NUC) Nigeria University Commission or other bodies responsible for that. There should also be a punishment or sanction for the unqualified lecturers through sacking, suspension or none payment and other available means.
Another means to curb the implementation of unqualified candidates in the tertiary institution is that there should be an evaluation of student JAMB score during admission clearance, those responsible for admission clearance like the faculty officers and admission officers should ensure that unqualified persons are not admitted even when JAMB have offered them admission.
Finally, parents have a great role to play in bringing a better system of education to our doorsteps by not buying admission for their children and encouraging their children from home to always study hard and desist from sorting.
Education is the greatest engine of personal development. It is through education that the daughter and son of a peasant can become a doctor, but the corrupt system no longer guarantees it. The rich and powerful only get richer and succeed. There should be anti-corruption bodies, school administrators, students, and employers, to help in curbing this menace in Nigeria educational system.