Dying in Silence Rape Victims (1)

Rape is a daily occurrence across the globe, according to research, somewhere in America; a woman is being raped every 2 minutes, that’s an alarming figure if we combine all the figures of women that would be raped every day. The truth is not farfetched, since 2003 to 2010, according to the world records on number of rape victims, America ranked highest through 2003-2010, 2003 – 93883, 2004 – 95089, 2005 – 94347, 2006 – 94472, 2007 – 92999, 2008 – 90750, 2009 – 89241, 2010 – 84767.
Nigeria, being an African country might have more cases that America does, but will likely have lesser cases being reported due to the stigmatization they could face from friend, family and the public, most of these rape victims might not talk or report the case because the blame will be put on them being the cause of the rape.
In Nigeria, rape victims, especially adults are always blamed for being victims of rape.
There are several definitions for rape, and there are misinterpretations for the word, Rape. But what is rape? According to World Health Organization, rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person’s consent. The act may be carried out by physical force, coercion, abuse of authority, or against a person who is incapable of giving valid consent, such as one who is unconscious, incapacitated, has an intellectual disability or is below the legal age of consent. The term rape is sometimes used interchangeably with the term sexual assault.
According to Smith, Merril D., ed. (2004). Encyclopedia of rape, Rape is defined in most jurisdictions as sexual intercourse, or other forms of sexual penetration, committed by a perpetrator against a victim without their consent.
According to USCB’s Sexinfo, Victims of rape or sexual assault come from a wide range of genders, ages, sexual orientations, ethnicities, geographical locations, cultures, and degrees of impairment or disability.
Incidences of rape are classified into a number of categories, and they may describe the relationship of the perpetrator to the victim and the context of the sexual assault. These include date rape, gang rape, marital rape, incestual rape, child sexual abuse, prison rape, acquaintance rape, war rape and statutory rape.
Lack of consent is the key definition of rape, that is why there is marital rape, consent is affirmative “informed approval, indicating a freely given agreement” to sexual activity. Consent is affirmative “informed approval, indicating a freely given agreement” to sexual activity.
According to Gruber, Aya’s “Consent Confusion”, consent is not necessarily expressed verbally, and may instead be overtly implied from actions, but the absence of objection does not constitute consent.
According to Human rights law and standards in the International Criminal Court, lack of consent may result from either forcible compulsion by the perpetrator or an inability to consent on the part of the victim (such as people who are asleep, intoxicated or otherwise mentally compromised).
Sexual intercourse with a person below the age of consent, i.e., the age at which legal competence is established, is referred to as statutory rape.
In India, consensual sex given on the false promise of marriage constitutes rape.
Rape victims face emotional and psychological trauma which can reshape them into bitter person.
During the assault, a person will respond with fight, flight, freeze, friend (sometimes called fawn), or flop. Victims may react in ways they did not anticipate.
After the rape, they may be uncomfortable/frustrated with and not understand their reactions. Most victims respond by ‘freezing up’ or becoming compliant and cooperative during the rape. This can cause confusion for others and the person assaulted.
One may assume that someone being raped would call for help or struggle, yes, some do call for help while others don’t call for help due to the shame and disgrace it will bring to them in such environment and moreso, struggle would result in torn clothes or injuries, so some of the victims after struggling with their assailant for a while would surrender due to the factors they think of while struggling.
A lot of women who are rape victims kept quiet and never mentioned it to anyone, why? so many of them are always blamed for allowing themselves to be raped like telling the woman that why did she visit the man or telling her that why did she sleep over at his place or telling her that she wasnt well dressed even when she was well dressed. But that is not as traumatizing as ignoring the rape or putting blame on the rape survivor.

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